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       Lisätietoja tutkimuksista 

Forschungsinstitut Havelhöhe, Berlin (DE)

Institut für angewandte Erkenntnistheorie und medizinische Methodologie e. V. Freiburg i.Br. (DE)

Verein für Krebsforschung e.V., Forschungsinstitut HISCIA (CH)

Medizinische Sektion der Freien Hochschule für Geisteswissenschaft

Tutkimukset aakkosjärjestyksessä L-Z

(Tutkimukset aakkosjärjestyksessä A-K)

Lange-Lindberg A M, Velasco Garrido M and Busse R. Mistletoe treatments for minimising side effects of anticancer chemotherapy. GMS Health Technol Assess 2006;2:Doc18.


Leroi R, Hajto T. Die Iscadortherapie beim Ovarialkarzinom. Krebsgeschehen. 1982;14(2): 38–44.

Leroi R. Die Iscadorbehandlung bei inoperablen kolo-rektalen Tumoren. Krebsgeschehen. 1979; 11(6): 163–5.

Leroi R. Nachbehandlung des operierten Mammakarzinoms mit Viscum album. Helv Chir Acta. 1977 Jun; 44(3): 403–14.

Leroi R. Malignomtherapie mit neuen Iscador-Praparaten. Krebsgeschehen. 1975; 7(5):124–6.

Lipp HP. Mythos Mistel – Metaanalysen, neuere Studiendaten und aktuelle Marktübersicht. Krankenhauspharmazie 2017;12:543-555.

Loef, M., Paepke, D., & Walach, H. (2023). Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients Treated With Mistletoe Extracts: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 22, 15347354231198074.

Loef, M., & Walach, H. (2022). Survival of Cancer Patients Treated with Non-Fermented Mistletoe Extract: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Integr Cancer Ther, 21, 15347354221133561.


Loef M and Walach H. Quality of life in cancer patients treated with mistletoe: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Complement Med Ther 2020; 20:227.


Loewe-Mesch A, Kuehn J J, Borho K, Abel U, Bauer C, Gerhard I, Schneeweiss A, Sohn C, Strowitzki T and v Hagens C. [Adjuvant simultaneous mistletoe chemotherapy in breast cancer--influence on immunological parameters, quality of life and tolerability]. Forsch Komplementmed, 2008;15:22-30. DOI: 10.1159/000112860.


Longhi, A, Cesari, M, Serra, M, Mariani, E. Long-term follow-up of a randomized study of oral etoposide versus Viscum album fermentatum pini as maintenance therapy in osteosarcoma patients in complete surgical remission after second relapse. Sarcoma. 2020;2020:8260730. doi:10.1155/2020/8260730 
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Longhi A, Reif M, Mariani E and Ferrari S. A Randomized Study on Postrelapse Disease-Free Survival with Adjuvant Mistletoe versus Oral Etoposide in Osteosarcoma Patients. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2014;2014:210198. DOI: 10.1155/2014/210198.


Longhi A, Mariani E and Kuehn J J. A randomized study with adjuvant mistletoe versus oral Etoposide on post relapse disease-free survival in osteosarcoma patients. Eur J Integr Med, 2009;1:31-39.


Lyman GH, Greenlee H, Bohlke K, Bao T, DeMichele AM, Deng GE,  Fouladbakhsh JM, Gil B, Hershman DL, Mansfield S, Mussallem DM, Mustian KM, Price E, Rafte S and Lorenzo Cohen. Integrative Therapies During and After Breast Cancer Treatment: ASCO Endorsement of the SIO Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Oncol.2018:36:2647-2655.


Ma L, Phalke S, Stevigny C, Souard F, Vermijlen D: Mistletoe-extract drugs stimulate anti-cancer Vγ9Vδ2 T cells. Cells 2020, 9 (6), 1560. 15 pp. DOI: 10.3390/cells9061560.


Mabed M, El-Helw L and Shamaa S. Phase II study of viscum fraxini-2 in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. British Journal of Cancer, 2004;90:65-69. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6601463.


Maier G, Fiebig HH. Absence of tumor growth stimulation in a panel of 16 human tumor cell lines by mistletoe extracts in vitro. Anticancer Drugs. 2002 Apr;13(4):373-9.


Maldacker J. Preclinical investigations with mistletoe (Viscum album L.) extract Iscador. Arzneimittelforschung, 2006;56:497-507. DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1296817.


Mansky PJ, Wallerstedt DB, Sannes TS, Stagl J, Johnson LL, Blackman MR, Grem JL, Swain SM and Monahan BP. NCCAM/NCI Phase 1 Study of Mistletoe Extract and Gemcitabine in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:964592. doi:10.1155/2013/964592. Epub 2013 Oct 27.


Matthes H, Thronicke A, Hofheinz R-D, Baars E, Martin D, Huber R,  Breitkreuz T, Bar-Sela G,  Galun D and Schad F. Statement to an Insufficient Systematic Review on Viscum album L. Therapy.  Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2020, Article ID 7091039, 9 pages. Open Access. 


Matthes H, Hofheinz RD, Bar-Sela D, Galun D, Martin D, Huber R, Langhorts J, Matthiessen PF and Schad F. Letter to the editors of the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2019;145: 2405–2407


Matthes H. Die Misteltherapie in der Onkologie – ein Update. Praxismagazin 2017;9:6-14.


Matthes H, Friedel W E, Bock P R and Zanker K S. Molecular mistletoe therapy: friend or foe in established anti-tumor protocols? A multicenter, controlled, retrospective pharmaco-epidemiological study in pancreas cancer. Curr Mol Med, 2010;10:430-439. DOI: 10.2174/156652410791317057.

Mehl A, Reif M, Zerm R, Pranga D, Friemel D, Berger B, Brinkhaus B, Gutenbrunner C, Büssing A and Kröz M: Impact of a Multimodal and Combination Therapy on Self-Regulation and Internal Coherence in German Breast Cancer Survivors With Chronic Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Mixed-Method Comprehensive Cohort Design Study. Integr Cancer Ther 2020; 19:1534735420935618. doi: 10.1177/1534735420935618.

Menke K, Schwermer M, Eisenbraun J, Schramm A, Zuzak TJ: Anticancer effects of Viscum album Fraxini extract on medulloblastoma cells in vitro. Complementary Medicine Research 2020. 8 pp. DOI: 10.1159/000507318.


Melzer J, Iten F, Hostanska K and Saller R. Efficacy and safety of mistletoe preparations (Viscum album) for patients with cancer diseases. A systematic review. Forsch Komplementmed, 2009;16:217-226. DOI: 10.1159/000226249.


Matthiessen PF, Tröger W. Die Misteltherapie des Krebses. In Kombinierte Tumortherapie. (Ed. Wrba H) pp. 271-290, Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart 1995.

Micke O, Buntzel J, Kisters K, Schäfer U, Micke P and Mücke R. Complementary and alternative medicine in lung cancer patients: a neglected phenomenon? Frontiers of Radiation Therapy and Oncology 2009;42:198–205. 

Mueller EA and Anderer FA. A Viscum album oligosaccharide activating human natural cytotoxicity is an interferon gamma inducer. Cancer Immunol Immunother 1990;32:221-227.


Mulsow K, Enzlein T, Delebinski C, Jaeger S, Seifert G and Melzig MF. Impact of Mistletoe Triterpene Acids on the Uptake of Mistletoe Lectin by Cultured Tumor Cells. PLOS One 2016;11: e0153825.


Nazaruk J and Orlikowski P. Phytochemical profile and therapeutic potential of Viscum album L. Nat Prod Res 2016;30:373-385.


Oei SL and Schad F. (2023) Are Aspects of Integrative Concepts Helpful to Improve Pancreatic Cancer Therapy? Cancers. 2023; 15(4):1116.


Oei SL, Thronicke A, Matthes H, Schad F. Evaluation of the effects of integrative non-pharmacological interventions on the internal coherence and resilience of breast cancer patients. Support Care Cancer. 2021;29(3):1413-21. DOI: 10.1007/s00520-020-05617-4.


Oei SL, Thronicke A, Kröz, M, von Trott P, Schad F, Matthes, H. Impact of Oncological Therapy and Viscum album L Treatment on Cancer-Related Fatigue and Internal Coherence in Nonmetastasized Breast Cancer Patients. Integr Cancer Ther. 2020;19:1534735420917211. doi: 10.1177/1534735420917211

Oei SL, Thronicke A, Matthes H & Schad F. Evaluation of the effects of integrative non-pharmacological interventions on the internal coherence and resilience of breast cancer patients [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 15]. Support Care Cancer. 2020;10.1007/s00520-020-05617-4. doi: 10.1007/s00520-020-05617-4

Oei S L, Thronicke A and Schad F. Mistletoe and Immunomodulation: Insights and Implications for Anticancer Therapies. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2019;2019:5893017. DOI: 10.1155/2019/5893017.


Oei SL, Thronicke A, Kröz M, Herbstreit C and Schad F. Supportive effect of Viscum album L. extracts on the sense of coherence in non-metastasized breast cancer patients. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2019;27:97-104.


Oei SL, Thronicke A, Kröz M, Matthes H and Schad F. Use and Safety of Viscum album L Applications in Cancer Patients With Preexisting Autoimmune Diseases: Findings From the Network Oncology Study. Integr Cancer Ther. 2019;18:1534735419832367.


Oei SL, Thronicke A, Kröz M, Herbstreit C and Schad F. The Internal Coherence of Breast Cancer Patients Is Associated with the Decision-Making for Chemotherapy and Viscum album L. Treatment. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018;2018:1065271.


Oh SJ: Reducing malignant ascites and long-term survival in a patient with recurrent gastric cancer treated with a combination of Docetaxel and mistletoe extract. Case Reports in Oncology 2020, 13 (2), 528-533. DOI: 10.1159/000507282.


Orange M, Poidimani N, Crosignani A, Werthmann PG, Bertotto C. Complete, Durable Remission of Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Under Treatment with Viscum Album Extracts – A Case Report. SSRN Journal. Published online 2021. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3775671


Orange M, Lace A, Fonseca M P, von Laue B H, Geider S and Kienle GS. Durable Regression of Primary Cutaneous B-Cell Lymphoma Following Fever-inducing Mistletoe Treatment: Two Case Reports. Glob Adv Health Med, 2012;1:18-25. DOI: 10.7453/gahmj.2012.1.1.006.


Orange M, Fonseca MP, Lace A, von Laue  HB and Geider S. Durable tumour responses following primary high does induction with mistletoe extracts. Two case reports. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 2010;2:63-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.eujim.2010.04.001.


Ostermann T, Appelbaum S, Poier D, Boehm K, Raak C, Büssing A. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the survival of cancer patients treated with a fermented Viscum album L. extract (Iscador): an update of findings. Complementary Medicine Research 2020;27(4)260-271.


Ostermann T and Büssing A. Retrolective studies on the survival of cancer patients treated with mistletoe extracts: a meta-analysis. Explore (NY) 2012;8:277-281. 

Ostermann T, Raak C and Bussing A. Survival of cancer patients treated with mistletoe extract (Iscador): a systematic literature review. BMC Cancer, 2009;9:451. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-451.

Pae HO, Oh GS, Seo WG, Shin MK, Hong SG, Lee HS and Chung HT. Mistletoe lectin synergizes with paclitaxel in human SK-hep1 hepatocarcinoma cells. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2001;23: 531-540.


Paepke D. Die Misteltherapie in der Onkologie. Im Focus Onkologie 2018;21:64–68. 

Pal A, Debreczeni JE, Sevvana M, Gruene T, Kahle B, Zeeck A and Sheldrick GM. Structures of viscotoxins A1 and B2 from European mistletoe solved using native data alone. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 2008;64:985-992.


Pal A. Structure determination of Viscotoxin A1, Tendamistat and Tri Peptidyl Peptidase-I. Dissertation. Göttingen 2008, University Göttingen.


Paller, C. J., Wang, L., Fu, W., Kumar, R., Durham, J. N., Azad, N. S., Laheru, D. A., Browner, I., Kachhap, S. K., Boyapati, K., Odeny, T., Armstrong, D. K., Meyer, C. F., Gaillard, S., Brahmer, J. R., Page, I., Wang, H., & Diaz, L. A., Jr. (2023). Phase I Trial of Intravenous Mistletoe Extract in Advanced Cancer. Cancer Res Commun, 3(2), 338-346.​ 


Pelzer F, Loef M, Martin DD, Baumgartner S. Cancer related fatigue in patients treated with mistletoe extracts: a systematic review and meta analysis . Supportive Care in Cancer 2022.

Open access DOI:

Pelzer F, Tröger W and Nat D R. Complementary Treatment with Mistletoe Extracts During Chemotherapy: Safety, Neutropenia, Fever, and Quality of Life Assessed in a Randomized Study. J Altern Complement Med, 2018;24:954-961. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2018.0159.

Penaloza E, Holandino C, Scherr C, et al. Comprehensive metabolome analysis of fermented aqueous extracts of Viscum album L. by liquid chromatography-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Molecules 2020;25(17):4006. DOI: https:// 25174006.


Pfüller U (2000). Chemical constituents of European mistletoe (Viscum album L.). In: Büssing A: Mistletoe - The Genus Viscum. pp 1-122.  Amsterdam, Harwood Academic Publishers Amsterdam 2000.


Piao B K, Wang Y X, Xie G R, Mannsmann U, Matthes H, Beuth J and Lin H S. Impact of complementary mistletoe extract treatment on quality of life in breast, ovarian and non-small cell lung cancer patients. A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. Anticancer Research 2004;24:303-310.


Pichler W J and Angeli R. [An allergy to mistletoe extract]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr, 1991;116:1333-1334.


Pietrzak W, Nowak R, Gawlik-Dziki U, Lemieszek MK, Rzeski W. LC-ESI-MS/MS identification of biologically active phenolic compounds in mistletoe berry extracts from different host trees. Molecules 2017;22:264. DOI: 10.3390/molecules22040624.


Podlech OP, Harter PN, Mittelbronn M, Pöschel S and Naumann U. Fermented mistletoe extract as a multimodal antitumoral agent in gliomas. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:501796. doi: 10.1155/2012/501796. Epub 2012 Oct 22. 


Poier D, Bussing A, Rodrigues Recchia D, Beerenbrock Y, Reif M, Nikolaou A, Zerm R, Gutenbrunner C and Kröz M. Influence of a Multimodal and Multimodal-Aerobic Therapy Concept on Health-Related Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors. Integr Cancer Ther. 2019;18:1534735418820447.


Ramm H, Schaller G, Urech K, Baumgartner S. Iscador – Pharmazeutische Grundlagen und spirituelles Verständnis für die Verarbeitung der Mistel zum Krebspräparat. Der Merkurstab. Zeitschrift für Anthroposophische Medizin

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Reynel M, Villegas Y, Werthmann PG, Kiene and Kienle GS. Long-term survival of a patient with an inoperable thymic neuroendocrine tumor stage IIIa under sole treatment with Viscum album extract

A CARE compliant clinical case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 Jan; 99(5): e18990. Published online 2020 Jan 31. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000018990


Reynel M, Villegas Y, Kiene H, Werthmann PG, Kienle GS . Bilateral Asynchronous Renal Cell Carcinoma With Lung Metastases: A Case Report of a Patient Treated Solely With High-dose Intravenous and Subcutaneous Viscum album Extract for a Second Renal Lesion. Anticancer Res. 2019 Oct;39(10):5597-5604. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.13754.


Reynel M,  Villegas Y,  Kiene H, Werthmann P and Kienle GS.  Intralesional and subcutaneous application of Viscum album L.(European mistletoe) extract in cervical carcinoma in situ: A CARE compliant case report. Medicine: November 2018 - Volume 97 - Issue 48 - p e13420 doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013420. 


Ribereau-Gayon G, Jung ML, Baudino S, Salle G and Beck JP. Effects of mistletoe (Viscum album L.) extracts on cultured tumor cells. Experientia 1986;42:594-599.


Rieger S. Immunologische Effekte verschiedener Mistelextrakte in Wechselwirkung mit humanen Tumorzellüberständen – ein Modell mit Dendritischen Zellen. Dissertation, Universität Freiburg, 2015.


Rose A, El-Leithy T, vom Dorp F, et al. Mistletoe plant extract in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: results of a phase Ib/IIa single group dose escalation study. The Journal of Urology 2015;194:939–943. DOI: 10.1016/ j.juro.2015.04.073.


Saha C, Das M, Stephen-Victor E, Friboulet A, Bayry J and Kaveri S V. Differential Effects of Viscum album Preparations on the Maturation and Activation of Human Dendritic Cells and CD4(+) T Cell Responses. Molecules, 2016;21. DOI: 10.3390/molecules21070912.


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Sander F. Wirkung des Mistellektin-l auf das Wachstums- und Metastasierungsverhalten der humanen Melanomzelllinie MV3 in vivo in einem Xenograftmodell mit scid- und pfp/rag2-Mäusen. Dissertation, University Hamburg, 2008.


Schad, F., Thronicke, A., Hofheinz, R.-D., Matthes, H., & Grah, C. (2024). Patients with Advanced or Metastasised Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer with Viscum album L. Therapy in Addition to PD-1/PD-L1 Blockade: A Real-World Data Study. Cancers, 16(8), 1609. 


Schad F, Steinmann D, Oei SL, Thronicke A, Grah C. Evaluation of quality of life in lung cancer patients receiving radiation and Viscum album L.: a real-world data study. Radiation Oncology 2023;18:47. DOI: s13014-023-02234-3.


Schad F, Thronicke A. Safety of Combined Targeted and Helixor® Viscum album L. Therapy in Breast and Gynecological Cancer Patients, a Real-World Data Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20:2565. DOI: 20032565.


Schad F, Thronicke A, von Trott P, Oei SL: Analysis of changes in cancer-related fatigue of breast cancer patients receiving an integrative medicine program. Integrative Cancer Therapies 2020, 19. 12 pp. DOI: 10.1177/1534735420963780.


Schad F, Thronicke A, Steele M L, Merkle A, Matthes B, Grah C and Matthes H. Overall survival of stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with Viscum album L. in addition to chemotherapy, a real-world observational multicenter analysis. PLoS One, 2018;13:e0203058. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203058.


Schad F, Thronicke A, Merkle A, Steele M, Kröz M, Herbstreit C and Matthes H. Implementation of an integrative oncological concept in daily care of a German certified Breast Cancer Centre. Complement Med Res 2018;25:85-91.


Schad F, Axtner J, Kroz M, Matthes H and Steele M L. Safety of Combined Treatment With Monoclonal Antibodies and Viscum album L Preparations. Integr Cancer Ther, 2018;17:41-51. DOI: 10.1177/1534735416681641.


Schad F, Thronicke A, Merkle A, Matthes H and Steele ML. Immune-related and adverse drug reactions to low versus high initial doses of Viscum album L. in cancer patients. Phytomedicine 2017;36:54-58.


Schad, F, Atxner, J, Buchwald, D, et al. Intratumoral mistletoe (Viscum album L.) therapy in patients with unresectable pancreas carcinoma: a retrospective analysis. Integr Cancer Ther. 2014;13(4):332-340. doi:10.1177/1534735413513637 
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Schad F, Axtner J, Happe A, Breitkreuz T, Paxino C, Gutsch J, Matthes B, Debus M, Kröz M, Spahn G, Riess H, von Laue HB and Matthes H. Network Oncology (NO)--a clinical cancer register for health services research and the evaluation of integrative therapeutic interventions in anthroposophic medicine. Forsch Komplementmed 2013;20:353-360.


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Scheer R., Alban S., Becker H., Blaschek W., Kemper F.H., Kreis. W., Matthes H., Schilcher H., Stange R. (Hrsg.): "Die Mistel in der Tumortherapie - 3, aktueller Stand der Forschung und klinische Anwendung", 502 Seiten, KVC-Verlag Essen 2013, ISBN 978-3-86864-032-8.

Scheer R., Alban S., Becker H., Holzgrabe U., Kemper F.H., Kreis W., Matthes H., Schilcher H. (Hrsg.): "Die Mistel in der Tumortherapie 2, Aktueller Stand der Forschung und klinische Anwendung", 642 Seiten, KVC-Verlag Essen 2009, ISBN 978-3-933351-82-1.

Scheer R., Bauer R., Becker H., Fintelmann V., Kemper F.H., Schilcher H. (Hrsg.): "Fortschritte in der Misteltherapie, Aktueller Stand der Forschung und klinische Anwendung", 662 Seiten, KVC Verlag Essen 2005, ISBN 3-933351-49-9. 


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Schibel S, Steinert M, Matthes H, Grah C. ACCEPT®: A Complementary Anthroposophical Program for the Palliative Treatment of Lung Cancer – Rationale and a Randomized Feasibility Study. Complement Med Res. 2021;28(4).  DOI: 10.1159/000516820.


Schink M and Dehus O. Effects of mistletoe products on pharmacokinetic drug turnover by inhibition and induction of cytochrome P450 activities. BMC Complement Altern Med, 2017;17:521. DOI: 10.1186/s12906-017-2028-1.


Schink M, Tröger W, Goyert A, Scheuerecker H, Meyer J, Fischer I and Glaser F (2009). Einfluss perioperativer Mistelextrakt-Infusionen auf eine operations- und narkosebedingte Immunsuppression bei Patienten mit kolorektalem Karzinom. S. 441-454. Die Mistel in der Tumortherapie 2. R. Scheer, S. Alban, H. Becker et al. Essen, KVC Verlag. 2009: S. 441-454.


Schink M, Tröger W, Dabidian A, Goyert A, Scheuerecker H, Meyer J, Fischer I U and Glaser F. Mistletoe extract reduces the surgical suppression of natural killer cell activity in cancer patients. a randomized phase III trial. Forsch Komplementmed, 2007;14:9-17. DOI: 10.1159/000098135.


Schink M, Tröger W, Goyert A, Scheuerecker H, Selbmann H K and Glaser F. [Correlation of NK cell activity against autologous tumour cells and K562 cells with the clinical outcome during therapy with mistletoe extracts]. Forsch Komplementmed, 2006;13:147-155. DOI: 10.1159/000092624.


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Schläpfer, D, Urech, K. Three cases of remission of actinic keratosis, basal-cell carcinoma and squamous-cell carcinoma respectively by topical therapy with “Viscum album, Resina 10%, Unguentum.” Phytomedicine. 2019;61:8. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2019.09.093 
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Schlodder D. Hintergründe des Helixor-Herstellungsprozesses. Der Merkurstab. Zeitschrift für Anthroposophische Medizin 2021;74(3):215-218. DOI:


Schötterl S, Huber SM, Lentzen H, Mittelbronn M, Naumann U.Adjuvant therapy using mistletoe containing drugs boosts the T-cell-mediated killing of glioma cells and prolongs the survival of glioma bearing mice. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018. Article ID 3928572. 12 pp. DOI: 10.1155/2018/3928572.


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Siegle I, Fritz P, McClellan M, Gutzeit S and Murdter TE. Combined cytotoxic action of Viscum album agglutinin-1 and anticancer agents against human A549 lung cancer cells. Anticancer Res 2001;21:2687-2691.


Stammer RM, Kleinsimon S, Rolff J, Jäger S, Eggert A, Seifert G, Delebinski CI (2017) Synergistic antitumour properties of viscumTT in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Journal of Immunology Research 2017. 13 pp. Article ID 4874280. DOI: 10.1155/2017/4874280.

Stauder H, Kreuser ED. Mistletoe extracts standardised in terms of mistletoe lectins (ML I) in oncology: current state of clinical research. Onkologie. 2002;25:374-380.

Steele ML, Axtner J, Happe A, Kröz M, Matthes H and Schad F. Use and Safety of Intratumoral Application of European Mistletoe (Viscum album L) Preparations in Oncology. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 2015;14:140-148. DOI: 10.1177/1534735414563977.


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